Are you looking for a cute pet that is small in size but big in personality? A Guinea pig may be the perfect match for you! These lovable little guys, also sometimes called cavies, are both charming and easy to keep. Read on as a local Bucks County, PA vet discusses some of the basics of caring for a Guinea pig.


Since your pint-sized pet will spend most of his time in his cage, make sure it’s comfortable for him. We recommend getting a cage that is at least 7 square feet for one Guinea pig. Cavies can be kept in same-sex pairs, though you’ll need a bigger cage if you have more than one. We recommend a wire cage with a solid floor. Next, you’ll need to add a good substrate, such as aspen. Avoid pine and cedar substrates, as they aren’t safe for small mammals. Your furry pal will also need a hidey-hole, food dishes, and a water bottle. You can add a litterbox and hayrack too, if you like.


Just like any other animal, Guinea pigs need proper nourishment to thrive. You can give your furry pal commercial food for his main meals. We also recommend giving your cavy lots of grass hay, such as Timothy hay. To round out your cavy’s nutritional needs, you’ll need to provide him with fresh produce. Be sure to offer your tiny furball lots of foods that contain Vitamin C, which is essential for cavies. Ask your vet for specific information, including portion sizes, safe and unsafe foods, and suitable snacks.


Cavies are both playful and curious. Provide lots of toys for your frisky pet to play with, including lots of chew toys. Many wood, wicker, cardboard, and paper items can make great Guinea pig toys, as long as they don’t have small parts or sharp edges, and aren’t covered with varnish, stain, glitter, or dye. Ask your vet for more information.


Guinea pigs are typically quite gentle, but you’ll need to handle the little guy gently and regularly to keep him tame and friendly. You may even be able to teach your cavy some cute tricks!

Please feel free to reach out to us, your Bucks County, PA animal clinic, with any questions about your Guinea pig’s health or care. We are here to serve all of your pet’s veterinary care needs.